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热门期刊: 细胞研究(英文版)中华医学杂志(英文版)国际临床研究杂志

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老年糖尿病肾病患者的心理状况及自我管理行为研究

Analysis on the Psychology of Elderly Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy and Self-management Behavior

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DOI
刊名
Journal of International Psychiatry
年,卷(期) 2016, 43(4)
作者
作者单位

陕西省宝鸡市中心医院 ;
陕西省宝鸡市中心医院 ;
陕西省宝鸡市中心医院 ;
陕西省宝鸡市中心医院 ;

摘要
【摘要】目的:观察和探讨老年糖尿病肾病患者的心理状况及自我管理行为效果。方法:选取本院收治的120例老年糖尿病肾病患者作为研究对象,其中对照组60例采用常规管理模式,观察组60例在此基础上运用自我管理行为,并对其心理状况分析。结果:老年糖尿病肾病患者给予自我管理活动问卷结果显示,遵医嘱用药、运动自我管理、饮食自我管理等维度得分均较高,观察组患者的指标尿白蛋白(UA)、总胆固醇(TC)以及血肌酐等指标均比对照组降低,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。自我管理与生存质量总分、生理功能、心理、社会关系、治疗具有相关性(P<0. 05)。结论:老年糖尿病肾病患者自我管理状况与其心理状况及生存质量有正相关性,护理工作人员应最大限度地采取措施,增强老年糖尿病肾病患者的自我管理水平,提高生活质量。
【Abstract】Objective: To observe and discuss the psychology of elderly patients with diabetic nephropathy and the effect of self management behavior. Methods: We select our hospital treated 120 cases of senile diabetic nephropathy patients as the research object, the control group of 60 cases with normal management mode, the observation group of 60 cases on the basis of the use of self management behavior, and the psychology analysis. Results: In elderly patients with diabetic nephropathy to give self management activities, according to the results of the questionnaire of prescribed medication, exercise self-management, dietary self-management and other dimension scores were higher, the index of observation group of patients with urinary albumin (UA), total cholesterol (TC) and serum index was lower than control group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Self management and quality of life scores, physiological function, psychological, social relations, is the treatment of correlation (P < 0. 05). Conclusion: The elderly patients with diabetic nephropathy self management situation and its psychological status and quality of life have a positive correlation, nursing staff should maximize the measures to enhance the self management level of elderly patients with diabetic nephropathy, improve the quality of life.
关键词
【关键词】老年糖尿病肾病;自我管理;心理状况
【Key words】Elderly diabetic nephropathy; Self management; Psychological status
基金项目
页码 675-677
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