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热门期刊: 细胞研究(英文版)中华医学杂志(英文版)国际临床研究杂志

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济南市青少年儿童视力筛查结果分析

Analysis of visual screening results of children and adolescents in Jinan City

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DOI 10.12208/j.ijcr.20230058
刊名
International Journal of Clinical Research
年,卷(期) 2023, 7(2)
作者
作者单位

山东大学齐鲁医院 山东济南 ;
济南爱尔眼科医院 山东济南 ;
淮北爱尔眼科医院 安徽淮北 ;
爱尔眼科济南高新门诊 山东济南 ;

摘要
分析青少年视力筛查结果,探讨近视防控工作方式方法。方法 分析2016、2017、2018以及2021年济南市历城区及历下区部分学校学生的视力筛查结果,统计视力不良情况。结果 4年累计筛查学生21656人次,四年间除2017年1~4年级外,其余时间各年级视力不良率呈现逐年增加的趋势,小学阶段各年级不同筛查年份之间比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);初中阶段各年级不同筛查年份之间均无统计学意义(P>0.05)。各年级女生视力不良率均高于男生,其中1~2年级男女生视力不良率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);3~9年级男女生视力不良率比较差异明显,有统计学意义(P<0.05)。但进入初中后,男女生视力不良差异有逐渐缩小趋势。结论 受疫情等多方面因素的影响,2021年视力不良率反而有升高趋势,应积极探讨尝试更为有效的近视防控方式;女生视力不良率高于男生,应将其作为近视防控的重点人群。
Objective To analyze the results of adolescent vision screening and explore the methods of myopia prevention and control. Methods: The visual acuity screening results of some school students in Licheng District and Lixia District of Jinan city in 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, and the cases of poor visual acuity were counted. Results: A total of 21,656 students were screened during the four years. The rate of poor vision in all grades increased year by year in the four years except for grade 1 to grade 4 in 2017. There was statistically significant difference between grade 1 and grade 4 in primary school in different screening years (P<0.05).There was no statistical significance between grades and screening years in junior middle school (P>0.05).The visual impairment rate of girls in all grades was higher than that of boys, and there was no significant difference in the visual impairment rate of boys and girls in grade 1 and grade 2 (P > 0.05).There was a significant difference in visual acuity rate between male and female students from grade 3 to grade 9 (P<0.05).However, after entering junior middle school, the difference of poor vision between male and female students gradually narrowed. Conclusions: Affected by the epidemic and other factors, the rate of poor eyesight will increase in 2021, so more effective methods of myopia prevention and control should be actively explored.The rate of poor eyesight of girls is higher than that of boys, so they should be regarded as the key group of myopia prevention and control.
关键词
儿童青少年;学生;视力;近视;筛查
Children and adolescents; Students; Vision; Myopia; Screening
基金项目
页码 18-24
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