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热门期刊: 细胞研究(英文版)中华医学杂志(英文版)国际临床研究杂志

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湖南省544名护生拖延行为现状及其与自我效能感和完美主义的关系

Procrastination of 544 nursing students in Hunan province and its relationship with self-efficacy and perfectionism

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DOI 10.12208/j.ijnr. 20220005
刊名
International Journal of Nursing Research
年,卷(期) 2022, 4(1)
作者
作者单位

湖南师范大学医学院 湖南长沙 ;
湖南省人民医院(湖南师范大学附属第一医院) 湖南长沙 ;
湖南省人民医院(湖南师范大学附属第一医院) 湖南长沙 ;
中南大学湘雅二医院 湖南长沙 ;

摘要
探究护生拖延行为现状和影响因素,及其与自我效能感和完美主义之间的关系。方法 采取分层整群随机取样的方法,抽取湖南省8所护理院校共544名护生作为研究对象,采用自编一般情况问卷、Lay一般拖延量表、一般自我效能感量表、中文版Frost多维完美主义量表对其进行调查,采用Pearson相关分析及多元线性逐步回归分析其影响因素。结果 护生一般拖延量表总分为(47.11±10.01),呈中等水平;拖延量表总分与自我效能感量表总分呈负相关(r=-0.132,P<0.01);与完美主义中的“条理性”“父母期望”维度呈负相关,与“行动的疑虑”“担心错误”呈正相关;多因素回归分析显示:条理性、行动的疑虑、担心错误、学历与家庭人均月收入是拖延量表总分的影响因素。结论 护生普遍存在拖延行为,拖延行为与自我效能感、完美主义有一定关系,其影响因素为完美主义、学历和家庭经济状况。
Objective Explore the current situation and influencing factors of procrastination of nursing students and its relationship with self-efficacy and perfectionism. Methods A stratified cluster random sampling method was adopted to select 544 nursing students from 8 nursing schools in Hunan Province as the research objects.The self-designed general questionnaire, General Procrastination Scale(GPS), General Self-Efficacy Scale(GSES), and Chinese Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale(CFMPS) were used to investigate it, and Pearson analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were used to analyze its factors. Results The total score of procrastination scale of nursing students was (47.11±10.01), which was at a medium level; the total score of procrastination scale was negatively correlated with the total score of Self-Efficacy Scale (r=-0.132, P<0.01) and the dimension of “parental expectations,” and positively correlated with “doubts about actions” and “concerns over mistakes”; multivariate regression analysis showed that organization, doubts about actions, concerns over mistakes, educational background, and monthly household income were the factors of the total score of procrastination scale. Conclusion The procrastination behavior of nursing students was common and had a special relationship with self-efficacy and perfectionism. The influencing factors of procrastination behavior were perfectionism, educational background, and family financial circumstances.
关键词
护生;拖延行为;现状;自我效能感;完美主义
Nursing Students; Procrastination; Currentsituation; Self-Efficacy; Perfectionism
基金项目
页码 17-22
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2022-10-27 02:01:30

年轻人拖延症比较常见。